The facts of Qazvin, from the capital of Iran to the city of calligraphers
Qazvin is an ancient land that has always been of great importance due to geographical location. This region, which today is one of the most industrialized cities in the country, has many cultural and historical backgrounds due to its relics, although its suburban nature is also considered as the attributes of Qazvin.
With this introduction, we wil consider to some of the facts and interesting points of this city.
1 The history of habitation, early settlements and the first agricultural communities in Iran based on the archaeological documentation of Zaghe hill reaches 8,000 years in Qazvin province.
Based on historical documents and books, the city of Qazvin was founded by Shapur Sassanid, the son of Ardashir Babakan and has been named Shadshapur.
2 Qazvin was selected as the capital of the Safavid era following the numerous historical challenges during the time of Shah Tahmasb.
3. Qazvin has been the capital of Iran for 50 to 57 years.
4. Historically, several names have been selected for this area. The name of "Arsas" mentioned in the ancient Greek writings, to the name "Ardapa" during the Parthian period.
During the Sassanid period, the name of this region changed to "Keswin", meaning "firm ". On the other hand, some historians also refer to Qazvin as the "Caspian" that refers to a tribe that migrated to the area from the Caspian Sea.
5. Qazvin has a climate of both high altitude and vast plains. This has led to a relatively cool and relatively cold weather with low humidity. The average temperature of Qazvin in the warm days is 31 ° C and the average temperature in cold days is - 2° C.
The Nature of Qazvin
6. Qazvin province has 20 cities which the city of Qazvin is the center of Qazvin province.
7. The beginning of the Qazvin municipality activity, along with the appointment of the head of the Baladieh, was carried out in 1907 AD.
8. Qazvin has a population of about 600 thousand people.
9. The first railway line reached Qazvin in 1939 AD.
10. Today, Qazvin is considered as one of the industrialized and developed areas in Iran. The first industrial city of the country was built in 1967 under the name "Alborz". Major copper, lead, zinc and gypsum are among the exploited mines in this area.
11. Qazvin has long been a cradle of cultivating the country's calligraphers. This has led Qazvin to be called the "Capital of Calligraphy of Iran." Apart from the permanent Qazvin Museum of Calligraphy, there are also major calligraphy events in the area each year.
12. Among the handicrafts of this area are paintings, tape weaving, carpet weaving, knitting, embroidery, mirroring and carving.
13. Due to the region's oldness and dating, many historical mansions and monuments are found in Qazvin. From the "Chehelsotun Palace", as the only palace left from Safavid era to the "Sepehdar Garden" and the municipality, are considered as one of the historical monuments of Qazvin.
14. Qazvin can be considered as the "city of water reservoirs". Due to the geographical location, hundreds cisterns are built in this area. The world's largest single-horned water reservoir, named "Sardar Bozorg", is located in Qazvin from the 12th century.
15 Sepah Street is the first Iranian designed street which was constructed during Shah Tahmasb Safavid era and was paved in Reza Shah's period in 1346 and became a modern street. In 2008, it became the first modern Iranian street.
16. Qazvin has many natural phenomena in its suburbs. Alamut is in the northeast of Qazvin. This area by its beautiful nature as well as historical phenomena is considered as Qazvin's tourist areas.
17. Qazvin with more than 1300 historical monuments has the most historical monuments in the country and it is famous for the paradise of various architectural styles in Iran.
18. Qazvin has the most historical monuments recorded in the country, accounting for less than one percent of the total area of Iran.
19. As the last word, Qazvin province is one of the largest suppliers of food productions and agriculture to the capitals and is ranked among the five provinces that bring the most wealth through production to the country's treasury. In one word, Qazvin is one of the richest provinces in the country.